This new research comes out of Dr. Spence's forthcoming book, The Endless Commons: Dominion, Possession, and Land-Rights in the Borderland of North American Empires, 1783-1848 (UVA Press), and with GIS, examines the creative strategies Hodinöhsö:ni’ People developed to defend their sovereignties in the state of New York over the long twentieth-century.
This brief chapter explores some of the ways a mega-engineering railroad project precipitated change throughout the environments of the Keys islands, arguing that its main impact lay in spurring new imaginaries of the Keys as environments, as islands, as a region, and as a demarcated geopolitical space.
Today we'll discuss a rather old, but still seminal text from biology that has become a core spatial humanities and post-humanist text: Jakob von Uexküll's A Stroll Through the Worlds of Animals and Men (1934). Inga Pollmann credits Uexküll with offering a "radical transformation of perception . . . much in the way that Lewis Carroll's Alice entered Wonderland." Filled with pictures and fascinating diagrams (so be not daunted by its length!) Uexküll's "stroll" will provide much food for thought and a stimulating discussion!
Despite much of popular and scholarly opinion, the early modern and nineteenth century Caribbean was a tri-racial world in which native people played a prominent role alongside Europeans and Africans. This paper focuses on the role played by indigenous people in mid-seventeenth century English efforts to colonize portions of the Caribbean basin. In some cases this involved war and geopolitical machinations as English, French, Kalinagos, and Africans struggled for control of different islands. On other occasions English settlers and native people, such as the Miskitos of Central America, sought to construct relationships that were mutually beneficial. Within English colonies, many free, enslaved, and visiting native people lived and labored. This native presence within English colonies shaped laws, material culture, foodways, folk traditions, economics, and health practices. Ultimately, the early modern and nineteenth century Caribbean must be understood as a space inhabited and shaped by indigenous people to an extent that most modern observers have failed to appreciate fully.
This paper, the first chapter of my forthcoming book, Cataraqui: Possession, Dominion, and Land-Rights in the Borderland of North American Empires, 1783-1848, argues that the geomorphology of a landscape that would, with the arrival of Europeans, later become a highly contested Early American borderland, ought to be considered a player in colonial politics. It traces the layers of pathways and boundaries that made up this space, and then demonstrates how one Indigenous culture, the Hodinöhsö:ni’ (Iroquois) adapted to it, just as later colonizers would be forced to as well.
Bauch will present a forthcoming work entitled, “Digital Geohumanities: Visualizing Geographic Thought,” which will appear in the International Journal of Humanities and Arts Computing. Our discussion will center on how digital media and geospatial analyses can contribute to cultural geographic thought.
For a short abstract: In this presentation, I will discuss my research on the history of cannabis, smoking pipes, and tobacco in Africa. This research is based on a range of sources, including historical documents as well as biogeographic and language data. I will focus on the challenges of building a geo-database of relevant terms in African languages, which I am using to build descriptive knowledge of historic plant uses. Some challenges arise from the characteristics of the sources I’m using, others from the difficulty of defining and locating ethnolinguistic groups, and others from how knowledge is produced through geographically nested research designs.
This paper addresses the environmental history of the western Amazon and its effects on the land-use practices and cultural identity of the Quichua people in Ecuador. Since the nineteenth century, two major events caused significant and rapid change on the area. First was the discovery of rubber and the subsequent rubber boom, which displaced the indigenous inhabitants as they escaped from the illegal enslavement and violence caused by the rubber barons. Second was the discovery of petroleum and its extraction, which continues to be a controversial and contentious issue. State dependency on oil extraction has placed the burden of financing social welfare programs on the lands of the indigenous peoples inhabiting the oil-rich Amazon, without benefiting those living on the land. I argue that development related to oil extraction threatens the rights to food sovereignty of the Amazonian Quichua people, and other indigenous people of the Amazon. This paper builds upon my thesis project, which examines the relationship between the constitutional right to food sovereignty in Ecuador and local food practices among the Quichua of the Ecuadorian Amazon.
Our final meeting for Fall 2016 will be a workshop that explores effective ways to integrate digital mapping assignments in the classroom. In particular, we will explore how to take a set of historical sources with geographic information (in this case, death certificates) and create maps that visualize them. We will work through the process of allowing students to collaboratively create a simple database that holds relevant data from historical sources, how to represent that data on a map with free mapping tools, and techniques for examining change over time via these maps. No technical skill or experience is required!
Montana author Mary MacLane's “peripatetic philosophy” was influenced by the expansiveness of the Montana landscape in her early work, leading to the radicalism she expressed in her youth. Yet this relationship to the landscape and her hometown, and in turn the social critique offered in her philosophy, changes over the course of her life. Her philosophy is forcefully articulated in The Story of Mary MacLane (1902), but the ideas she championed as a young woman are presented much more cynically in her later work, a change that I argue can be connected to an illness she experienced in 1910 from which she never fully recovered, leaving her unable to traverse both her inner and outer landscapes. Her relationship with Montana and the iconic Western landscape is complex, as her childhood and young adult years spent in Butte produced not only feelings of loneliness and isolation, but also a sense of freedom from the restrictions normally placed upon women in the early twentieth century.
From 1962 to 1973 the Chilean government instituted an agrarian reform, during which it distributed fundos (large land tracts) to rural workers. This project examines an indigenous cooperative that received 22 fundos covering approximately 1,063 square miles, only to have them sold under a subsequent military dictatorship in the 1970s and 1980s. In this talk, I examine this struggle, which is frequently framed as class conflict or interethnic conflict, via the environmental and spatial factors that shaped it.
This talk focuses on the entanglements of a nineteenth-century English sailor who drifted through maritime Southeast Asia to become a peasant villager in northern Mexico. I use his story to anchor a nomadic, multi-scale, open-ended view of world history that transcends large-scale containers of empires, nations, and world systems.
Like many places, Yosemite experienced turmoil during the late 1960s. The Valley became an approximation of city life rather than an alternative to it; complaints about traffic, noise, and air pollution made national news. When park rangers and hippies clashed on July 4, 1970, Yosemite Valley experienced another stereotypically metropolitan milestone: a riot. The Bay Area now threatened the park it helped create. To learn more about Guy's work, check out his website.
We will discuss several cornerstone texts in critical spatial theory.
The integration of the American West during late nineteenth century was one of the largest reorganizations of land, resources, and people in American history. How did this integrative project take place so quickly across such a massive area of territory? "The Postal West" uses digital mapping to advance a new spatial synthesis of regional development, one that unfolded across the underlying infrastructure of the U.S. Post. Workshop participants will read and comment on a pre-circulated chapter from this ongoing book project.
In our effort to canvas a broad range of thinking about space, this week we'll read the introduction and two chapters from The Anomie of the Earth: Philosophy, Politics, and Autonomy in Europe and the Americas. Edited by Federico Luisetti, John Pickles, and Wilson Kaiser. Durham: Duke University Press, 2015.
The first two readings are broad discussions of spatial humanities, while the last one is a particular case study. For the Blevins reading, be sure to check out the online component, which has a detailed explanation of the interactive maps that accompany the article.